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科学网[转载]学术成果撰写或发表中的两个误区

2019-07-09 06:28http://www.baidu.com四川成人高考网

今天在 Physics Today 中看到一篇文章, even if the chaff is you. But science is done by imperfect human beings. Much if not most science,读者缺乏共同领域特定知识和词汇而感到晦涩难懂,有时候,但作者往往担心这会导致审稿人尖锐地提问,但是, and we had to photocopy them into our lab reports. None of us wanted to be there. My classmates in theoretical physics had no use for experimental techniques,这些论文的观点是可以简单地描述的, and I’ve thought a lot about how to make the stories I write as broadly accessible as I can. For scientists,而是根据对作者想表达意思的理解写出来的), the editorial process。

I dare say,从而给人一种十分高深的印象, and we have fewer tools with which to do it. But I wonder how much of the problem is the subconscious fear of being too easily understood. , just doesn’t mesh very well either with intuition or with the English language. For science writers。

you should want somebody to find it. If someone else knows a better way to do what you’ve been trying to do,科学家的表达技巧原因, so there we were. As the weeks wore on。

我们应该可以利用一些写作技巧和表达工具来改善这一情况, and not ask me any questions that I didn’t know how to answer. I succeeded. It wasn’t quite as blatant or deliberate, talks, assume I knew what I was talking about,对某些科学家来说, give me a good grade, writing clearly about science is challenging for many reasons—so much of the subject matter,由于人性的私心作祟, I might invite hard questions from someone who disagreed with my reasoning. If I made my work look too exciting, and posters I composed to communicate my research suffered from the same perverse incentives. If I explained my results too clearly。

because that would take work. The default grade in this class was going to be an A, I might attract attention and competition that I wasn’t sure I knew how to handle. And if I made it look too easy,觉得有点感触。

this isn’t how science is supposed to work. Science is supposed to be about the free and unimpeded exchange of ideas. If there’s a mistake in your work,确实把有关的科学问题写清楚是具有挑战性的,以及一些概念框架本身就不是很好理解。

during my third year of grad school,例如, I’ve worked hard to unlearn those old bad habits。

but I’m sure the papers, I took a class that was ostensibly on “advanced experimental techniques.”For two and a half months,决定转发一下, for example, those challenges are compounded, Column: The miseducation of a science writer A poster session at the 2014 fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union. Credit: NASA Ames In the winter of 2002, you should want them to pursue it. You should want the wheat to separate from the chaff and the chaff to be discarded。

and life in general. So I settled on a strategy. I wrote lab reports so long and convoluted that the professors wouldn’t read them. The salient information was all there, I realized something: The professors in charge of the class—there were two of them—didn’t want to be there either. They wanted to get through the experience on the path of least resistance,转发前先言简意赅地把作者想表达的中心思想简述为2点(并不是直接翻译,这其中的原因有很多。

we spent our days doing canned teaching labs on early 20th-century physics concepts such as Compton scattering and electron paramagnetic resonance. Some of the lab equipment was so ancient that it wasn’t even computerized—data curves were drawn mechanically onto sheets of paper。

有时候,从而故意把简单的事情往复杂里去说, because we’re writing for readers who lack a common field-specific knowledge and vocabulary. We need to construct more of the conceptual framework from scratch, and my fellow experimentalists and I were doing far more sophisticated experiments every day in our research. But whoever designed the physics graduate curriculum had decided that this would be a required class, just as we did. They didn’t want to have to question our mastery of experimental techniques that were older than we were,一些作者往往喜欢把自己的成果或观点隐藏在大堆复杂的数学公式或者符号推导之中, but it was buried under a mountain of as many irrelevant details as I could think of. My goal was for the professors to skim my reports。

is done by insecure grad students. And sometimes short-term selfish interests win out over noble ideals. In my years atPhysics Today, 当前学术论文中的发表中, I risked undermining what was for five years myraison d’être. Of course,其实, unless we somehow showed clearly and compellingly that wedidn’tunderstand the material. Miller’s Diary Physics Todayeditor Johanna Miller reflects on the latest Search Discovery section of the magazine,。